Night Respite Services for Caregivers

Are you unable to take time off your caregiving duties because your loved one living with dementia is experiencing sundowning?  Fortunately, there are night respite and home-based overnight care services that are available for caregivers like yourself. These services will be helpful in supporting you with caring for a loved one living with dementia who is […]

Brain Health and Reduction of Risks for Dementia

We are increasingly aware of the importance of brain health, which affects our physical well-being and daily functions. Having the capacity to manage ourselves well and take care of our loved ones has significant meaning to us. Our understanding of the brain and other parts of the nervous system, and how they control our complex […]

Anticipatory Grief

Dementia may gradually change the personality of your loved one. Anticipatory grief occurs when someone questions whether this “stranger” who is living with dementia is the same person they know and love. The changing personality of the person living with dementia could be difficult to accept, especially if you have had a special bond with them. […]

Design Principles & Audit Tools

In recent years, there has been a growing pool of dementia-inclusive design guiding principles developed by subject matter experts, intended for laypersons, caregivers, and care professionals to address and enhance the different aspects of the physical environments that persons with dementia live in. A Dementia-Inclusive Design Process To be in line with the delivery of […]

Reminiscence Arts

Caring for our loved ones living with dementia often involves seeking effective ways to ensure that they live a life that is enriched and meaningful, even as their dementia progresses. One way to do that is by means of Reminiscence Arts. Linking activities such as artmaking to reminiscence help create a sense of self-discovery and […]

Learn about Dementia Care via E-learning

To build up the capability of our care professionals, the Agency for Integrated Care (AIC) has a Dementia Care Competency Framework. Dementia Awareness: Foundation Level Through this online course, you will get to learn the following and receive a certificate upon completion of the evaluation form and module. • What is Dementia, its types, and […]

Why Do Behavioural Changes Happen?

Dementia is accompanied by behavioural changes, which affect your loved one living with dementia and all of you around him/her. Behavioural changes can be one of the aspects of dementia that are most difficult to address. Persons living with dementia who experience behavioural changes are often described as having a “completely different personality” from their […]

Making a Will

Planning a will is important to carry on the wishes of a person after they pass on. The will should contain clear instructions about what one wants to do with their money and the assets they own. It will also ensure that their legacy and future generations are taken care of accordingly About a Will […]

Communication & Interaction Skills

How Communication Can Be Affected at Different Stages of Dementia As the condition of a person living with dementia progresses, the way in which others communicate and interact with them should also change in order to tailor the interaction to their needs, and to make the most of each conversation or interaction. Early Stage The […]

Preparing for Doctor’s Visit

Being well-prepared for a doctor’s visit will be beneficial to you and your loved one living with dementia. Keep a symptom diary for your loved one A diary helps you keep track of signs and symptoms experienced by your loved one. Record the symptoms or behaviours exhibited – when and how they started and how […]

Caregiving Through the Stages of Dementia

Your role as a caregiver changes with the progression of your loved one’s condition. Below summarises the caregiving experience through the different stages of dementia:1-3 Early-Stage Caregiving What you may experience as a caregiver Your loved one has recently been diagnosed with dementia, and you may feel that you are suddenly performing a new, unfamiliar role as […]

Caregiver Training Courses

You may consider signing up for caregiving training to help you better care for your loved ones living with dementia. As caregiving also involves more than one caregiver, such as family members and employed foreign domestic workers (FDWs), you may also consider encouraging other caregivers to sign up for caregiving courses. Here are some courses […]

Making Festive Celebrations Dementia-friendly

Festivities are typically a time for joy and celebration across all cultures. However, it might present as a stressful time for both caregivers and persons with dementia due to a disruption in their usual routine. Here are some practical tips on how you can make the time an enjoyable one for all family members: 1. […]

K.I.N.D. Gesture and C.A.R.E. Approach

There are many scenarios where persons living with dementia may face difficulties and require assistance. The K.I.N.D Gesture and C.A.R.E Approach can help us to remember what to do and be more confident when interacting and assisting persons living with dementia, especially in situations where they may appear to be lost. The K.I.N.D Gesture When you come […]

Providing Namaste Care at Home

As a person living with dementia increasingly faces challenges in communication as their condition advances, what can help us to better communicate and engage them in daily activities at home? Namaste Care might just be the answer to support them in everyday care. How did Namaste Care begin? Namaste Care was introduced by Joyce Simard […]

Person-Centred Care in Dementia

The term “person-centred care”, as a frequently-used term and a developing area,1 does not have a single agreed definition. When loosely defined, it has been used to refer to philosophies of caring that include goals that range from an emphasis on the dignity of the person being cared for, treating this person as an individual, ensuring […]

Swallowing Difficulties and Soft Diets

Difficulties With Swallowing In the later stages of dementia, a person living with dementia can develop severe difficulties with swallowing. Changes in parts of the brain that control swallowing may affect and weaken the muscles involved, affecting various parts of the eating process. As a result, the person living with dementia may not maintain sufficient […]

Applying the K.I.N.D Gesture & C.A.R.E Approach


We may encounter persons living with dementia in different situations depending on our social or work roles. Watch this prize-winning video produced by Vinn Bay and Tee Boon Leng as part of the Alzheimer’s Disease International (ADI) conference in March 2009. As you watch, take note of how some members of the public interact with […]

CARA: A Pioneering Membership Programme

CARA Membership Replaces NCSS’ Safe Return Card CARA replaces the existing Safe Return Card (SRC) initiative by the National Council of Social Service (NCSS) used by persons living with dementia. A pioneering membership programme by Dementia Singapore – formerly known as Alzheimer’s Disease Association (ADA) – the CARA membership will have the same safe return functions of […]

Programmes & Services in the Community

A Network of Care and Support In Singapore, persons at risk or living with dementia can be supported by an integrated mental health network that aims to help them live well in the community. This support also extends to their caregivers. The network brings together health, social, and community care providers who serve persons with […]

Undernutrition & Weight Loss

Undernutrition and weight loss are prevalent issues worldwide amongst persons living with dementia, often worsening as dementia progresses. 20 to 45% of persons living with dementia living in the community (outside institutions such as nursing homes) experience significant weight loss over a one-year period, while up to 50% of those residing in care homes have […]

Reminiscence Activities for Persons with Dementia

Reminiscence involves the discussion of activities, experiences and events from the past and should ideally provide multi–sensory stimulation for persons living with dementia. Apart from reminiscence therapy, persons living with dementia and their family members can participate in or create activities that incorporate elements of reminiscence. These can include looking through old photos, listening to […]

Reminiscence in Dementia Care

Reminiscence is a method in dementia care that focuses on facilitating recollection about past events and experiences with persons living with dementia. This recollection creates opportunities to improve the wellbeing of persons with dementia, and for family and caregivers to meaningfully connect with them. Reminiscence focuses on the discussion of activities, experiences, and events from […]

Dementia in Film

There has been a steady increase in the number of films on dementia and its profound impact on the person living with it as well as their loved ones. While this is a call for celebration, it is also important that films portray dementia in a way that is accurate and does not contribute to […]

Living Independently with Dementia

There are many changes that come along with living independently with dementia. If you are staying on your own and currently living with early-stage dementia or mild cognitive impairment (MCI), here are some tips to cope with the changes to maintain your independence for as long as possible. Make Everyday Tasks Easier Have a regular […]

Palliative Care

End-of-life care, or palliative care, aims to support a person in the later stages of a life-limiting condition to live as well as possible until they pass on. It also aims to support family and caregivers during this time and after the person passes on. End-of-life care may last for weeks, months, or occasionally years. […]

How Effective are Dementia Medications

Medications, while with modest benefits, may be prescribed to relieve some symptoms and behaviour changes associated with dementia. However, ongoing debates over their effectiveness continue – the benefits and risks of the medications are discussed. Common Medications Prescribed for Dementia Pharmacological management of dementia should be used within a multidisciplinary biopsychosocial approach, where medical issues, […]

Person-Centred Care Planning in Dementia

In this topic, the importance of developing a person-centred care plan for persons living with dementia is emphasised. This page also summarises some of the best practices for a person-centred care planning process and the elements that a good care plan entails. Having these in place will assist care professionals to then deliver quality person-centred […]

Looking after Yourself

Always remember that part of your duty to your loved one is to take good care of yourself. Most caregivers feel that all their time, energy and care should be given to their loved ones. However, your loved one may suffer too if you do not look after yourself. Here’s a thought to keep in mind: In […]

Dementia and Driving Safety

Driving can represent independence and freedom for a person. One of the first concerns caregivers have when a loved one is diagnosed with dementia is whether or not he or she should drive. While it may seem like an easy and automatic activity for frequent drivers, safe driving is a complex task which requires a […]

Advance Care Planning

Advance Care Planning (ACP) is the process of planning for one’s future health and personal care. Having ACP conversations will allow your loved one with dementia to: Share their personal values and beliefs with the family Explore how his/her values and beliefs influence their healthcare preferences in difficult medical situations Delegate a trusted member/relative to […]


A deputy is appointed by the Court to make decisions on behalf of a person who lacks mental capacity when the person has not made a Lasting Power of Attorney (LPA) and has no donee to decide on their behalf in respect of those decisions. A deputy can be an individual or a licensed trust company under […]

Tips on Taking Public Transport for Persons with Dementia

Public transportation is a common mode of transport for people in Singapore. This does not change even with the onset of dementia. Having easy access to transportation enables persons living with dementia to stay connected to their friends, families, and community. It also provides access to healthcare service locations, such as the hospital. As dementia […]

Talking to Children about Dementia

A family member’s dementia impacts the entire family, including children. Parents might wish to shield young children from the reality of their loved one’s condition, but it is best to broach the topic with them soon after the diagnosis. Children are often able to sense tensions in family dynamics arising from your loved one’s diagnosis […]

Nutrition & Hydration

As dementia progresses, a person may lose weight and suffer from undernutrition due to reduced appetite, declining cognitive function and behavioural changes. Eating a balanced diet and drinking sufficient fluids are important to maintain physical and mental well-being. Any physical illness can make a difference to a person’s ability to cope. It may also make […]

Improving Eating Environment & Appetite

How Can You Improve the Eating Environment? While it is essential to pay attention to the nutritional aspects of a meal by providing regular, healthy and balanced meals, another important aspect of meals for persons living with dementia is the eating environment. As eating is a social activity, creating a comfortable dining atmosphere can help […]

Financial Schemes

Financial Schemes

Caring for a person living with dementia requires careful financial planning, and may sometimes require the family of the person living with dementia to tap on financial resources. There are a number of government financial schemes available. The blocks below list the financial resources available in the following 5 areas: • Mobility Assistance • Daily […]

Assistive Devices & Technologies

Smart Devices Available in Singapore Many persons living with dementia feel the urge to walk about and in some cases leave their homes. Though this walking is sometimes termed as “wandering”, it is rarely ever aimless. Persons with dementia may simply not remember where they had set out to go, or what they had intended […]

Making the Home Dementia-friendly


Persons living with dementia may face challenges navigating the physical environment, due to loss of orientation, sensory acuity, visual-spatial awareness, and mobility. Changes in their sensory system may reduce their tolerance towards environmental stimuli, such as sound levels, lighting, activity and people. For some persons living with dementia, the lack of sensory stimulation and occupational […]

What Is a Dementia-Inclusive Environment?

Why Is a Dementia-Inclusive Environment Important? Researchers have predicted that the number of persons living with dementia around the globe is set to almost triple to more than 150 million by 2050.1 While dementia already presents a set of challenges for persons living with dementia and their families, stigma and discrimination worsen the psychological, social, […]

Doll Therapy & Dementia

Doll therapy is a psychosocial intervention that aims to meet psychological needs of persons living with dementia. What is Doll Therapy? Doll therapy is a non-pharmacological intervention that aims to reduce the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) that a person may experience. It involves presenting the person living with dementia with a baby-like […]

Psychosocial Interventions in Dementia Care

Psychosocial interventions is an umbrella term for a wide range of non-pharmacological interventions, activities, therapies, strategies, etc. that aim to promote the psychological and social well-being of individuals. People may be introduced to psychosocial interventions to cope with the challenges of living with disabilities, mental health conditions, etc., or when they need that support to […]

Cognitive Stimulation Therapy

Cognitive Stimulation Therapy, or in short, CST is an evidence-based, non-pharmacological intervention (NPT) for persons living with mild to moderate dementia.1,2 It was developed by Dr Aimee Spector, a clinical psychologist, in 1998, by reviewing the common non-pharmacological therapies for dementia, such as reality orientation and reminiscence therapy. The most effective elements of the different therapies […]

Creative Dance

Dancing can be a form of expression for persons living with dementia too, as they connect and interact with others through dance. Read on to learn about Creative Dance, another potential psychosocial activity to support the well-being of persons living with dementia. To complement the modest benefits of pharmacological treatment on cognitive decline in dementia, […]

Interest-based Activities for Caregivers

What if we could combine caregiver support activities with their interest to acquire new skills? Dementia Singapore has done just that! The Caregiver Support & Network (CSN) is a refreshing and new programme launched in December 2020 to better support a caregiver’s needs and well-being. Facilitated by Dementia Singapore’s social workers and volunteers, caregivers are […]

Employment for Persons with Young-onset Dementia

Work plays a central role in our lives, providing us with a sense of fulfilment, personal development, and income. There are many decisions to make about employment for persons with young-onset dementia, including whether or not to tell your employer, what changes could be made to the workplace and how long to continue working. The […]

Advance Medical Directive

An Advance Medical Directive (AMD) is a legal document signed by a person in advance, informing their doctor that they do not want any extraordinary life-sustaining treatment to be used in the event that they become terminally ill and unconscious. Making an AMD is a voluntary decision. As medical technology advances, there are increasingly many […]

Lasting Power of Attorney

Source: Ministry of Social & Family Development Watch the video in Chinese or Malay subtitles What Is the Lasting Power of Attorney? As dementia progresses, persons with this condition will have increasing difficulty with judgment and problem solving. You may notice that they might be less able to make sound financial and healthcare decisions. The Lasting Power of Attorney […]

Experience Dementia in Singapore

What is in a Day of a Person Living With Dementia? Step into the shoes of persons living with dementia using the Virtual Reality (VR) application Experience Dementia in Singapore (EDIS). Dementia is a degenerative condition where symptoms worsen over time. By creating an enabling environment and adopting a person-centred approach in managing the condition, […]

Namaste Care Programme

Nature & Background Namaste Care programme is a structured intervention for persons living with advanced dementia, which incorporates sensory intervention, social contact and environmental modification. It aims to respect the individual person for his or her unique personhood, nurture the individual spirit with meaningful activities using a loving touch approach, within a calm and home-like […]

Participatory Arts

Participatory arts involve persons living with dementia and caregivers in their development, creation, and evaluation processes. Introduction Persons living with dementia gradually experience a decline in mental processes, including memory, orientation to space and time, and abstract thinking. The decline in cognitive skills may lead to social withdrawal and difficulties in communication. To reduce this […]

Tools for Dementia Practice and Research

With the rising incidence and prevalence of dementia worldwide that is projected to continue, more efforts have been invested to address the needs of persons living with dementia and individuals around them. One such effort is the development of assessment tools and instruments in the field of dementia care. Some uses of the assessments include: […]

Encouraging My Loved One to Accept Their Condition

It can be difficult to accept a dementia diagnosis, and understanding the reason behind the denial is important to coming up with strategies to help your loved one.Receiving a dementia diagnosis can be harrowing—it’s normal for the person who has been diagnosed to feel a range of negative emotions, from sadness to frustration, or even […]

Encouraging My Client to Accept Their Condition

It can be difficult to accept a dementia diagnosis, and understanding the reason behind the denial is important to coming up with strategies to help your client.Receiving a dementia diagnosis can be harrowing—it’s normal for the person who has been diagnosed to feel a range of negative emotions, from sadness to frustration, or even outright […]

What is Young-Onset Dementia?

Young-onset dementia refers to any type of dementia that develops in persons below the age of 65. Symptoms of dementia may present themselves differently in a younger person, as compared to dementia in older adults. Source: Channel NewsAsia It is a myth that dementia affects only older adults. Over 50 million people worldwide live with […]

Tips to Manage Dementia Medications

Most persons living with dementia are able to manage their own medication in the early stages of their condition, but may find it more difficult to do so as their dementia progresses. Consuming the wrong combination, dosage or forgetting to take their medicine on time may put them at serious risk. It is, thus, important […]

Pharmacological Management of Dementia

Though non-drug measures are usually the first-line approach to address the symptoms of dementia, medications are still important in the treatment of dementia. Presently, there is no cure for dementia. Although slight improvements or stabilisation of symptoms can at times be seen, these ultimately do not cure or prevent the disease or restore mental health. […]

Treatments for Dementia

Source: ForgetUsNot Initiative by LIEN Foundation, Khoo Teck Puat Hospital, & Dementia Singapore Caring for a person living with dementia involves many things. These include the use of both medications and psychosocial interventions (such as engagement and environmental changes to suit the person). Care plans should integrate both these kinds of treatments when addressing the […]

Recreational Activities

What Are Recreational Activities? Recreational activities are activities that people participate in for leisure. These are activities that are meant to engage persons living with dementia and are not specifically intended to meet therapeutic outcomes.1 Recreational activities differ from activities done for the purpose of therapeutic outcomes, such as activities done as therapeutic activities or […]

Physical Exercises

Physical exercise has positive effects on the wellbeing of persons living with dementia, whether the exercise is done for recreation or as therapy. It can be done as the main focus of an activity, or as part of other activities that involve a heightened level of physical movement, such as gardening or dance. Benefits of […]

Managing Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence is a common problem in dementia. As the disease progresses, your loved one may become less aware of their toileting needs and urinate unconsciously. Deterioration may lead to urinary tract infection, an enlarged prostate gland, drinking too much caffeinated beverages, impaired mobility, and constipation. It may be helpful to: Take them to the toilet at […]

Managing Constipation

Constipation is common in persons living with dementia given their reduced awareness, and especially those who are older persons who may be relatively immobile. Poor food, fibre and fluid intake may also cause constipation. Constipation is a source of discomfort, and can worsen confusion and agitation. It also makes passing urine more difficult and can cause […]

Additional Resources for Other Behaviour Changes

1. Talking Point | CNA Insider Looking after a loved one living with dementia can be frustrating. In this episode of Talking Point, it provides you with some tips on what to do when you face the following 3 scenarios – when your loved one living with dementia: Refuses to bathe Forgets that he/ she […]

Dementia-Friendly Neighbourhoods

This article lists some examples of neighbourhoods in Singapore, where adjustments have been made to address the needs of persons impacted by dementia. These examples feature the adaptation of different aspects of the environment, including the physical and social environments, to aid wayfinding and support the wellbeing of persons living with dementia. In addition, this […]

Managing Wandering Behaviour

Many persons living with dementia feel the urge to walk about and in some cases leave their homes. Though it is sometimes termed as “wandering”, it is rarely ever aimless. Persons living with dementia may simply not remember where they had set out to go, or what they had intended to do. It is all […]

Managing Sundowning

What Is Sundowning? Your loved one living with dementia may display behaviour changes particularly in the evening which include agitation, aggression, confusion and restlessness. This is known as sundowning and often occurs in the moderate to severe stages of dementia. There is also a Night Respite service available for caregivers of persons living with dementia having […]

Mealtime Behaviours

Persons living with dementia may sometimes refuse to eat. They may become angry, agitated, or challenging to feed during mealtimes. This can happen for a variety of reasons: Disliking the food Feeling rushed Feeling uncomfortable with people or the environment Feeling frustrated with the difficulties they are having It can be challenging to identify what […]

Managing Agitation & Aggression

At some point, your loved one living with dementia may behave aggressively, display an outburst of emotions, or act angrily towards individuals around them. Defining Agitation & Aggression Agitation A set of behaviours that involve a person living with dementia experiencing verbal or motor anxiety.1 Aggression A further level of agitation in which the behaviours […]

Helping a Person with Dementia Who Lives Alone

Persons living with dementia, especially in the earlier stages of dementia, may choose to live alone to maintain their independence for as long as possible, or to remain in a familiar neighbourhood. As the dementia progresses to moderate and advanced stages, it is likely that alternate living arrangements have to be made. Here are some […]

Helping Your Loved One Who Lives Alone

Persons living with dementia, especially in the earlier stages of dementia, may choose to live alone to maintain their independence for as long as possible, or to remain in a familiar neighbourhood. As the dementia progresses to moderate and advanced stages, it is likely that alternate living arrangements have to be made. Here are some […]

Supporting Activities of Daily Living

As the condition of persons living with dementia progresses, their abilities to perform Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) deteriorate as well. ADLs refer to routine activities which most persons have learned to perform from young and usually do on a daily basis without any assistance.1 However, due to dementia, individuals gradually become unable to perform these […]

Designing a Daily Routine

Persons living with dementia often feel confused and disoriented, especially when their memories begin to blur and their functions start to deteriorate. Your loved one living with dementia may have difficulties in performing his/ her usual tasks as their condition progresses. Designing a daily routine is a good way to provide them with some structure. […]

Sharing Caregiving Responsibilities: Gathering the Family

A family discussion on sharing caregiving responsibilities can be very helpful when your loved one has been diagnosed with dementia. Some families may think it is taboo to discuss concerns revolving around dementia, but it is important for family members to be clear that the family discussion is about honouring your loved one’s preferences and […]

Dementia Progression & Behaviour Changes

The progression of dementia comes along with changes in persons living with dementia: Abilities in Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) Behaviours Cognitive Function Orientation to People, Places and Time Dementia progression and its corresponding behaviour changes require the appropriate response from caregivers. With the necessary information and resources at hand, you will be better equipped to respond […]

Apply CAUSEd to Understand Behaviour Changes

The CAUSEd problem-solving tool is designed to encourage caregivers and care professionals to understand the behaviours of persons living with dementia as a form of communication with their social and physical environments. In turn, caregivers and care professionals can identify the possible triggers for the behaviours, and minimize the impact of behaviours by developing and […]

Services for Caregivers

Caregivers of persons living with dementia face unique challenges. Dementia progression can take several years and the caregiving needs vary as their loved ones transit through the stages of dementia. The good news is, no one caregiver is alone. There are several initiatives in Singapore to help support caregivers, specifically those caring for loved ones […]

Managing Grief & Loss

Dealing with loss is a part of life. It is all right to feel sad when a loved one passes on. Grief is a reaction to any form of loss. While it is a universal experience, responses to it vary from person to person, depending on a range of factors such as one’s relationship with […]

Taking a Breather

It is good to think about caregiving as something akin to running a marathon. Like in a marathon, you will want to pace yourself, making sure that you do not run too fast and burn out before the race is over. Pace yourself from the start so that you will not be overwhelmed over the […]

Dealing With Caregiver Stress

Here are some simple tips for stress management: Adjust Your Mindset Reframing the situation may help you manage stress. Remind yourself that you are doing something important for the person in your care. Know your limits. Do not give in when your care recipient is too demanding. Live one day at a time. Manage Your […]

Managing Negative Emotions

A caregiver’s role is challenging, especially if you need to balance a job, family and housework on top of caring for your loved one living with dementia. You may think you can or should do everything by yourself, or may want things to be done well with very good outcomes. This is understandable, as the […]

The Needs of Informal Caregivers

When working with informal caregivers (family members, friends, or foreign domestic workers) of persons living with dementia, it is important to first understand their needs, worries, and struggles, before working with them to develop and implement an effective care and support plan. A research conducted locally in 2013 explored the experiences and challenges informal caregivers […]

Risk Factors

There is no single cause of dementia. Rather, a combination of multiple factors is associated with the development of dementia. Family history and lifestyle factors, such as exercise patterns, dietary habits, and stress levels, are examples of risk factors that may contribute to the onset of dementia.Risk factors are characteristics which increase the likelihood of […]

Learn About Dementia via E-Learning

Through this online course, you will get to learn the following and receive a certificate upon completion of the evaluation form and module. What is Dementia, its types, and risk factors ABCD Signs and Symptoms of Dementia Interacting & communicating with people living with dementia Ways to reduce the risk of getting dementia Dementia-Friendly Communities […]

Different Types of Dementia

Dementia is not a single disease but a collection of symptoms. There are different kinds of dementia that occur caused by different changes in the brain.Alzheimer’s Disease (AD)Alzhemer’s disease is the most common type of dementia. It is caused by the build-up of certain kinds of proteins in and around brain cells. It has an […]

Is It Dementia or Other Conditions?

Some conditions share symptoms with dementia. Here is a comparison between dementia, mild cognitive impairment, depression, and delirium: Dementia & Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) Dementia and mild cognitive impairment are different conditions. Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is a disorder with a modest but noticeable and measurable decline in cognitive abilities including memory and thinking skills. […]

Debunking Myths About Dementia

There are many myths surrounding dementia. Here are some common myths that have often exacerbated the stigma of dementia and perpetuated negative stereotypes about the condition. Misconception: Dementia is a natural part of ageing. Dementia is an illness that affects the brain and is not a natural part of ageing. It is a condition that […]

What Is Dementia?

Dementia is a collection of different symptoms characterised by a progressive worsening of memory and intellect (cognitive abilities), orientation, or personality, that is caused by the diseases that affect the brain. It is not a natural part of ageing. Persons living with dementia eventually lose the ability to do things to a level that affects […]

What is Person-Centred Care?

Person-centred dementia care aims to enhance the wellbeing of persons living with dementia by meeting their psychological needs, which maintains personhood.What is PCC? Person-centred care (PCC) is a way of thinking about a person living with dementia and how to support them to enhance their quality of life. When caring for a person living with […]

9 Differences Between Normal Ageing & Dementia

Forgetfulness is not the only warning sign of dementia. Instead, it might be a result of normal ageing and not dementia. Learn how dementia is different from normal ageing. As we age, some of us may get more forgetful and require a bit more time to recall things, or even struggle to multitask. It can […]

Dementia Signs & Symptoms

Although symptoms of dementia vary between individuals, there are some common warning signs. “When you see a person living with dementia, you have seen just one.” Every person living with dementia is unique and does not present the same symptoms. The needs and manifestations vary between individuals although there are some common symptoms. Signs and […]

How Dementia Changes The Brain

Knowing how dementia changes the brain, which affects dementia symptoms, helps us to understand why persons living with dementia behave the way they do. The human brain is an organ of the nervous system that controls the body’s activities, processes information received by the body, and controls psychological functions such as cognition and emotion. Changes […]

How The Brain Works

Dementia can affect the entire brain. Learn how the brain works and understand how changes in specific brain regions can affect the ways dementia symptoms manifest. Overview of the Brain The brain can be divided into three main regions: 1. Cerebrum (contains the cerebral cortex and other deeper brain structures) 2. Cerebellum 3. Brain stem […]

Non-Modifiable Risk Factors

Here are four common non-modifiable risk factors of disease that have been associated to the development of dementia: Age The greatest risk factor for dementia is age. Although age increases risk, dementia is not a normal part of ageing, and ageing is not itself a cause of dementia. Genetics Watch Dr Joshua Kua, a Geriatric […]

Modifiable Risk Factors & Lowering Risk

Although factors such as genes, gender, race, and age are not within control, there are things that can be done to reduce the risk of developing dementia. Individuals can make lifestyle changes to reduce their risks of developing dementia, and systemic societal changes can be made to reduce the incidence of dementia in a community. […]

Benefits of Getting a Dementia Diagnosis

Have you or your loved one been living with memory loss for some time? Have you been concerned about whether you or your loved one has dementia? A diagnosis may help address these concerns and reduce any anxiety you may have regarding these symptoms your loved one is experiencing. Dementia: Do I Have Dementia? (Ep […]

ABCDs of Dementia Progression

All types of dementia are progressive. This means that while symptoms may at first be mild, they deteriorate with time. As dementia progresses, a person with this condition will need increasingly more help and support with daily living. Dementia affects every individual differently. This includes their experience of the symptoms, the rate at which the […]

Where to Get a Diagnosis?

Source: Agency for Integrated Care (AIC) Diagnosis can be conducted at several places including the hospitals listed below and certified general practitioners’ clinics. You may obtain a professional diagnosis by approaching the places below: Memory ClinicsYou may contact any of the memory clinics in Singapore below. Tan Tock Seng Hospital Geriatric Medicine Clinic [Basement 1] […]

Starting a Conversation About Diagnosis

If you suspect your loved one is displaying the signs and symptoms of dementia, you should encourage him or her to get properly diagnosed and treated. However, starting a conversation with someone on this sensitive issue may not be easy. This article will first provide a short guide to how to start a conversation with […]

Who Can Diagnose Dementia?

Screening vs Diagnosis Screening persons for dementia and a diagnosis of dementia are two different things. Screening for dementia with tools like the Abbreviated Mental Test (AMT) and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) cannot be used to diagnose a person with dementia. They are instead used to spot some obvious symptoms of dementia in persons […]