Constipation is common in persons living with dementia given their reduced awareness, and especially those who are older persons who may be relatively immobile. Poor food, fibre and fluid intake may also cause constipation.
Constipation is a source of discomfort, and can worsen confusion and agitation. It also makes passing urine more difficult and can cause urinary retention.
Consider the following advice on how to manage constipation:
- Ensure adequate hydration and intake of fruits and vegetables.
- If the person is not keen on drinking plain fluids, other sources of fluids include soup, milkshakes, juices or decaffeinated coffee or tea.
- Record and monitor bowel movements and type and/or colour of stool
- Use laxatives if necessary and advised by a doctor