Psychosocial interventions is an umbrella term for a wide range of non-pharmacological interventions, activities, therapies, strategies, etc. that aim to promote the psychological and social well-being of individuals. People may be introduced to psychosocial interventions to cope with the challenges of living with disabilities, mental health conditions, etc., or when they need that support to get their lives back on an even keel. There are many types of psychosocial interventions, which include all psychological therapies, psychoeducation programmes, support groups, etc.¹
When it comes to the treatments for persons living with dementia, psychosocial interventions are usually the first approach taken to address the symptoms of dementia, their functional status, quality of life, and social inclusion, before medication is considered.
Source: ForgetUsNot Initiative by LIEN Foundation, Khoo Teck Puat Hospital, & Dementia Singapore
Caring for a person living with dementia thus involves many things, including the use of both medications and psychosocial interventions (such as engagement and environmental changes to suit the person). Care plans integrate both these kinds of treatments while addressing the biological, psychological, and social factors that affect the condition of a person living with dementia.
A care approach for persons living with dementia also often includes recreational activities, physical exercise, constant social support, amongst other psychosocial interventions. Care professionals working in healthcare or related care systems may work with persons living with dementia and their caregivers to link them to the appropriate organisations for the appropriate services.
Some examples of psychosocial interventions for persons living with dementia include:
- Forsman, A. K., Nordmyr, J., & Wahlbeck, K. (2011). Psychosocial interventions for the promotion of mental health and the prevention of depression among older adults. Health Promotion International, 26(S1), i85 – i107. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dar074