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Night Respite Services for Caregivers

Are you unable to take time off your caregiving duties because your loved one living with dementia is experiencing sundowning?  Fortunately, there are night respite and home-based overnight care services

Anticipatory Grief

Dementia may gradually change the personality of your loved one. Anticipatory grief occurs when someone questions whether this “stranger” who is living with dementia is the same person they know and

Why Do Behavioural Changes Happen?

Dementia is accompanied by behavioural changes, which affect your loved one living with dementia and all of you around him/her. Behavioural changes can be one of the aspects of dementia

Communication & Interaction Skills

How Communication Can Be Affected at Different Stages of Dementia As the condition of a person living with dementia progresses, the way in which others communicate and interact with them

Preparing for Doctor’s Visit

Being well-prepared for a doctor’s visit will be beneficial to you and your loved one living with dementia. Keep a symptom diary for your loved one A diary helps you

Caregiving Through the Stages of Dementia

Your role as a caregiver changes with the progression of your loved one’s condition. Below summarises the caregiving experience through the different stages of dementia:1-3 Early-Stage Caregiving What you may

Caregiver Training Courses

You may consider signing up for caregiving training to help you better care for your loved ones living with dementia. As caregiving also involves more than one caregiver, such as

Making Festive Celebrations Dementia-friendly

Festivities are typically a time for joy and celebration across all cultures. However, it might present as a stressful time for both caregivers and persons with dementia due to a

Providing Namaste Care at Home

As a person living with dementia increasingly faces challenges in communication as their condition advances, what can help us to better communicate and engage them in daily activities at home?

CARA: A Pioneering Membership Programme

CARA Membership Replaces NCSS’ Safe Return Card CARA replaces the existing Safe Return Card (SRC) initiative by the National Council of Social Service (NCSS) used by persons living with dementia.

Programmes & Services in the Community

A Network of Care and Support In Singapore, persons at risk or living with dementia can be supported by an integrated mental health network that aims to help them live

Reminiscence Activities for Persons with Dementia

Reminiscence involves the discussion of activities, experiences and events from the past and should ideally provide multi–sensory stimulation for persons living with dementia. Apart from reminiscence therapy, persons living with

Looking after Yourself

Always remember that part of your duty to your loved one is to take good care of yourself. Most caregivers feel that all their time, energy and care should be given


A deputy is appointed by the Court to make decisions on behalf of a person who lacks mental capacity when the person has not made a Lasting Power of Attorney (LPA) and

Nutrition & Hydration

As dementia progresses, a person may lose weight and suffer from undernutrition due to reduced appetite, declining cognitive function and behavioural changes. Eating a balanced diet and drinking sufficient fluids

Improving Eating Environment & Appetite

How Can You Improve the Eating Environment? While it is essential to pay attention to the nutritional aspects of a meal by providing regular, healthy and balanced meals, another important

Financial Schemes

Financial Schemes

Caring for a person living with dementia requires careful financial planning, and may sometimes require the family of the person living with dementia to tap on financial resources. There are

Assistive Devices & Technologies

Smart Devices Available in Singapore Many persons living with dementia feel the urge to walk about and in some cases leave their homes. Though this walking is sometimes termed as


Making the Home Dementia-friendly

Persons living with dementia may face challenges navigating the physical environment, due to loss of orientation, sensory acuity, visual-spatial awareness, and mobility. Changes in their sensory system may reduce their

Interest-based Activities for Caregivers

What if we could combine caregiver support activities with their interest to acquire new skills? Dementia Singapore has done just that! The Caregiver Support & Network (CSN) is a refreshing

Advance Medical Directive

An Advance Medical Directive (AMD) is a legal document signed by a person in advance, informing their doctor that they do not want any extraordinary life-sustaining treatment to be used

Lasting Power of Attorney

Source: Ministry of Social & Family Development Watch the video in Chinese or Malay subtitles What Is the Lasting Power of Attorney? As dementia progresses, persons with this condition will have increasing difficulty with

Tips to Manage Dementia Medications

Most persons living with dementia are able to manage their own medication in the early stages of their condition, but may find it more difficult to do so as their

Pharmacological Management of Dementia

Though non-drug measures are usually the first-line approach to address the symptoms of dementia, medications are still important in the treatment of dementia. Presently, there is no cure for dementia.

Treatments for Dementia

Source: ForgetUsNot Initiative by LIEN Foundation, Khoo Teck Puat Hospital, & Dementia Singapore Caring for a person living with dementia involves many things. These include the use of both medications

Managing Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence is a common problem in dementia. As the disease progresses, your loved one may become less aware of their toileting needs and urinate unconsciously. Deterioration may lead to urinary tract

Managing Constipation

Constipation is common in persons living with dementia given their reduced awareness, and especially those who are older persons who may be relatively immobile. Poor food, fibre and fluid intake

Additional Resources for Other Behaviour Changes

1. Talking Point | CNA Insider Looking after a loved one living with dementia can be frustrating. In this episode of Talking Point, it provides you with some tips on

Managing Wandering Behaviour

Many persons living with dementia feel the urge to walk about and in some cases leave their homes. Though it is sometimes termed as “wandering”, it is rarely ever aimless.

Managing Sundowning

What Is Sundowning? Your loved one living with dementia may display behaviour changes particularly in the evening which include agitation, aggression, confusion and restlessness. This is known as sundowning and

Mealtime Behaviours

Persons living with dementia may sometimes refuse to eat. They may become angry, agitated, or challenging to feed during mealtimes. This can happen for a variety of reasons: Disliking the

Helping Your Loved One Who Lives Alone

Persons living with dementia, especially in the earlier stages of dementia, may choose to live alone to maintain their independence for as long as possible, or to remain in a

Supporting Activities of Daily Living

As the condition of persons living with dementia progresses, their abilities to perform Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) deteriorate as well. ADLs refer to routine activities which most persons have

Designing a Daily Routine

Persons living with dementia often feel confused and disoriented, especially when their memories begin to blur and their functions start to deteriorate. Your loved one living with dementia may have

Apply CAUSEd to Understand Behaviour Changes

The CAUSEd problem-solving tool is designed to encourage caregivers and care professionals to understand the behaviours of persons living with dementia as a form of communication with their social and

Services for Caregivers

Caregivers of persons living with dementia face unique challenges. Dementia progression can take several years and the caregiving needs vary as their loved ones transit through the stages of dementia.

Managing Grief & Loss

Dealing with loss is a part of life. It is all right to feel sad when a loved one passes on. Grief is a reaction to any form of loss.

Taking a Breather

It is good to think about caregiving as something akin to running a marathon. Like in a marathon, you will want to pace yourself, making sure that you do not

Dealing With Caregiver Stress

Here are some simple tips for stress management: Adjust Your Mindset Reframing the situation may help you manage stress. Remind yourself that you are doing something important for the person

Managing Negative Emotions

A caregiver’s role is challenging, especially if you need to balance a job, family and housework on top of caring for your loved one living with dementia. You may think

Different Types of Dementia

Dementia is not a single disease but a collection of symptoms. There are different kinds of dementia that occur caused by different changes in the brain.Alzheimer’s Disease (AD)Alzhemer’s disease is

What is Person-Centred Care?

Person-centred dementia care aims to enhance the wellbeing of persons living with dementia by meeting their psychological needs, which maintains personhood.What is PCC? Person-centred care (PCC) is a way of

Dementia Signs & Symptoms

Although symptoms of dementia vary between individuals, there are some common warning signs. “When you see a person living with dementia, you have seen just one.” Every person living with

How Dementia Changes The Brain

Knowing how dementia changes the brain, which affects dementia symptoms, helps us to understand why persons living with dementia behave the way they do. The human brain is an organ

How The Brain Works

Dementia can affect the entire brain. Learn how the brain works and understand how changes in specific brain regions can affect the ways dementia symptoms manifest. Overview of the Brain

Benefits of Getting a Dementia Diagnosis

Have you or your loved one been living with memory loss for some time? Have you been concerned about whether you or your loved one has dementia? A diagnosis may

ABCDs of Dementia Progression

All types of dementia are progressive. This means that while symptoms may at first be mild, they deteriorate with time. As dementia progresses, a person with this condition will need

Where to Get a Diagnosis?

Source: Agency for Integrated Care (AIC) Diagnosis can be conducted at several places including the hospitals listed below and certified general practitioners’ clinics. You may obtain a professional diagnosis by

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