Supporting Activities of Daily Living - DementiaHub.SG

Supporting Activities of Daily Living

senior woman using a walker cross street
Home / Care professional / Treatments & Interventions / Responding to Behavioural Changes / Supporting Activities of Daily Living
  • 3 Min Read

As the condition of persons living with dementia progresses, their abilities to perform Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) deteriorate as well. ADLs refer to routine activities which most persons have learned to perform from young and usually do on a daily basis without any assistance.1 However, due to dementia, individuals gradually become unable to perform these daily routines.2

The six ADLs include:

1. Personal Hygiene (Bathing/Showering, Oral Hygiene, etc.)
2. Dressing
3. Toileting
4. Mobility
5. Transferring
6. Eating and Drinking

As a care professional, you play an important role in supporting persons with dementia residing in your care setting. Instead of completely doing ADLs for them, you can provide proper assistance by making these activities easier for them to perform, or finding ways for them to do these activities by themselves via other methods. This helps to prolong their independence, empowering them to do whatever they can for as long as possible.

Listen to the sharing of May Chng, a nurse educator, on her belief in providing care that empowers her mother, Leow Yan Cheng. Despite her mother’s dementia diagnosis, May lets her mother perform the simple daily tasks, instead of taking over them. She even continues to involve her mother in cooking by getting her help with the smaller tasks. Speaking from both her professional and personal experience, May shares with us how complimenting her mother and others living with dementia is vital, and improves their sense of worth.

Source: ForgetUsNot Initiative by LIEN Foundation, Khoo Teck Puat Hospital, & Dementia Singapore

Downloadable Resources

The following resources contain bite-sized information on Supporting the ADLs of persons living with dementia that you may download and/ or print:

Click on the images below to download in English or select another language.

Activities of Daily Living by AIC

Body Mechanics: Positioning, Moving and Transfers by AIC

Assisting People with Dementia with their Personal Care: Ideas and Tips for Carers by Dr. Tamara Backhouse et. al, with University of East Anglia and Alzheimer’s Society, UK


  1. Grey, H. (n.d.). A complete guide to activities of daily living (ADL) in Singapore.
  2. Changi General Hospital. (2019, April 12). Dementia and activities of daily living (ADL).
Skip to content