Dementia-Awareness, -Friendliness, & -Inclusiveness - DementiaHub.SG

Dementia-Awareness, -Friendliness, & -Inclusiveness

Home / Care professional / Be Dementia-Inclusive / Dementia-Inclusive Singapore / Dementia-Awareness, -Friendliness, & -Inclusiveness
  • 3 Min Read

Our Hope for People Impacted by Dementia

We believe that a key outcome for persons living with dementia should not stop at dementia awareness or a dementia-friendly society, but the inclusion of persons living with dementia.

Dementia-Awareness, Dementia-Friendliness, and Dementia-Inclusiveness

A society can take steps towards dementia inclusion by first becoming aware of this condition and the issues surrounding it (dementia-awareness).

The society can take action to ensure that its physical and social environment is adjusted to suit the needs of persons impacted by dementia (dementia-friendliness).

Lastly, it can embrace persons who are affected by dementia to ensure that they are not left behind (dementia-inclusiveness).

Though dementia-awareness, dementia-friendliness, and dementia-inclusiveness can develop in a society in that sequence (awareness before friendliness, and friendliness before inclusiveness, as seen in the image below), they may not necessarily occur in this order. They can also develop at the same time.


Below provides more details and examples on the above concepts.

  • Dementia-Awareness


    Society is aware of what dementia is and the issues surrounding it.

  • Dementia-Friendliness


    People in society are respectful to persons living with dementia. Society, including businesses, organisations, and other institutions, adjust their facilities, infrastructure, and personnel to accommodate persons living with dementia.

  • Dementia-Inclusiveness


    Though discussions on how dementia inclusion is defined are still ongoing, some common features in these discussions over the goals of inclusion, in light of the many different kinds of needs are1-4:

    • Making changes such that persons living with cognitive impairments are able to lead meaningful and dignified lives

    • Matching the physical and social environment, including physical space, and social practices and norms, to the needs of persons living with disabilities

    • Equipping persons in society, including family members and care professionals, to support persons with disabilities

    • Having persons feel that they are part of society and building their confidence to participate actively in social and cultural activities

    • Diseases do not label or define the persons who have them

    • The society which claims inclusivity or aims towards it is held accountable to the standard of inclusivity

Dementia-Friendly Singapore (DFSG) and Dementia-Friendly Communities (DFCs)

One initiative that aims to build dementia-friendliness is the Dementia-Friendly Singapore (DFSG) initiative. DSFG is led by the Agency for Integrated Care (AIC), and aims to build a more caring and inclusive society for persons living with dementia and their caregivers.

As part of the DFSG initiative, certain districts in Singapore have been designated as Dementia-Friendly Communities (DFCs).

Click the logo below for more information:



  1. Chiu, M. Y., Lim, K. H., Chan, K., Evans, S., & Huxley, P. J. (2016). What does social inclusion mean to Singaporeans? A qualitative study of the concept of social inclusion. Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development26(2-3), 64-76.
  2. Dementia Connections Canada. (2018, September). What’s the Difference Between “Dementia Friendly” and “Dementia Inclusive”. Dementia Connections.
  3. National Council of Social Services. (2016, December). 3rd Enabling Masterplan.
  4. Putnam, D., Wasserman, D., Blustein, J., & Asch, A. Disability and Justice (2019). In E.N. Zalta (Eds), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2019 Edition). Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University.
Skip to content