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What Is Young-Onset Dementia?

Young-onset dementia refers to any type of dementia that develops in persons below the age of 65. Symptoms of dementia may present themselves differently in a younger person, as compared to dementia in older adults. Source: Channel NewsAsia It is a myth that dementia affects only older adults. Over 50 million people worldwide live with [...] Read More

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How The Brain Works

Dementia can affect the entire brain. Learn how the brain works and understand how changes in specific brain regions can affect the ways dementia symptoms manifest. Overview of the Brain The brain can be divided into three main regions: 1. Cerebrum (contains the cerebral cortex and other deeper brain structures) 2. Cerebellum 3. Brain stem [...] Read More

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Dementia Signs & Symptoms

Although symptoms of dementia vary between individuals, there are some common warning signs. Source: Agency for Integrated Care “When you see a person living with dementia, you have seen just one.” Every person living with dementia is unique and does not present the same symptoms. The needs and manifestations vary between individuals although there are [...] Read More

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9 Differences Between Normal Ageing & Dementia

Forgetfulness is not the only warning sign of dementia. Instead, it might be a result of normal ageing and not dementia. Learn how dementia is different from normal ageing. As we age, some of us may get more forgetful and require a bit more time to recall things, or even struggle to multitask. It can [...] Read More

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Doll Therapy & Dementia

Doll therapy is a psychosocial intervention that aims to meet psychological needs of persons living with dementia. What is Doll Therapy? Doll therapy is a non-pharmacological intervention that aims to reduce the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) that a person may experience. It involves presenting the person living with dementia with a baby-like [...] Read More

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Apply CAUSEd to Understand Behaviour Changes

The CAUSEd problem-solving tool is designed to encourage caregivers and care professionals to understand the behaviours of persons living with dementia as a form of communication with their social and physical environments. In turn, caregivers and care professionals can identify the possible triggers for the behaviours, and minimize the impact of behaviours by developing and [...] Read More

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Services for Caregivers

Caregivers of persons living with dementia face unique challenges. Dementia progression can take several years and the caregiving needs vary as their loved ones transit through the stages of dementia. The good news is, no one caregiver is alone. There are several initiatives in Singapore to help support caregivers, specifically those caring for loved ones [...] Read More

Care Professional

Experience Dementia in Singapore

What is in a Day of a Person Living With Dementia? Step into the shoes of persons living with dementia using the Virtual Reality (VR) application Experience Dementia in Singapore (EDIS). Dementia is a degenerative condition where symptoms worsen over time. By creating an enabling environment and adopting a person-centred approach in managing the condition, [...] Read More

Care Professional

Making The Home Dementia-Friendly

Persons living with dementia may face challenges navigating the physical environment, due to loss of orientation, sensory acuity, visual-spatial awareness, and mobility.  Changes in their sensory system may reduce their tolerance towards environmental stimuli, such as sound levels, lighting, activity and people. For some persons living with dementia, the lack of sensory stimulation and occupational [...] Read More

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Risk Factors

There is no single cause of dementia. Rather, a combination of multiple factors is associated with the development of dementia. Family history and lifestyle factors, such as exercise patterns, dietary habits, and stress levels, are examples of risk factors that may contribute to the onset of dementia. Risk factors are characteristics which increase the likelihood [...] Read More

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Non-Modifiable Risk Factors

Here are four common non-modifiable risk factors of disease that have been associated to the development of dementia: Age The greatest risk factor for dementia is age. Although age increases risk, dementia is not a normal part of ageing, and ageing is not itself a cause of dementia. Genetics Watch Dr Joshua Kua, a Geriatric [...] Read More

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Modifiable Risk Factors & Lowering Risk

Although factors such as genes, gender, race, and age are not within control, there are things that can be done to reduce the risk of developing dementia. Individuals can make lifestyle changes to reduce their risks of developing dementia, and systemic societal changes can be made to reduce the incidence of dementia in a community. [...] Read More

Care Professional

What Is Dementia?

Dementia is a collection of different symptoms characterised by a progressive worsening of memory and intellect (cognitive abilities), orientation, or personality, that is caused by the diseases that affect the brain. It is not a natural part of ageing. Persons living with dementia eventually lose the ability to do things to a level that affects [...] Read More

Care Professional

Debunking Myths About Dementia

There are many myths surrounding dementia. Here are some common myths that have often exacerbated the stigma of dementia and perpetuated negative stereotypes about the condition. Misconception: Dementia is a natural part of ageing. Dementia is an illness that affects the brain and is not a natural part of ageing. It is a condition that [...] Read More

Care Professional

Is It Dementia or Other Conditions?

Some conditions share symptoms with dementia. Here is a comparison between dementia, mild cognitive impairment, depression, and delirium: Dementia & Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) Dementia and mild cognitive impairment are different conditions. Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is a disorder with a modest but noticeable and measurable decline in cognitive abilities including memory and thinking skills. [...] Read More

Care Professional

Different Types of Dementia

Dementia is not a single disease but a collection of symptoms. There are different kinds of dementia that occur caused by different changes in the brain. Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) Alzhemer’s disease is the most common type of dementia. It is caused by the build-up of certain kinds of proteins in and around brain cells. It [...] Read More

Care Professional

Learn About Dementia via E-Learning

To build up the capability of our care professionals, the Agency for Integrated Care (AIC) has a Dementia Care Competency Framework. Dementia Awareness: Foundation Level Through this online course, you will get to learn the following and receive a certificate upon completion of the evaluation form and module. • What is Dementia, its types, and [...] Read More

Care Professional

Who Can Diagnose Dementia?

Screening vs Diagnosis Screening persons for dementia and a diagnosis of dementia are two different things. Screening for dementia with tools like the Abbreviated Mental Test (AMT) and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) cannot be used to diagnose a person with dementia. They are instead used to spot some obvious symptoms of dementia in persons [...] Read More

Care Professional

Where to Get a Diagnosis?

Source: Agency for Integrated Care (AIC) Diagnosis can be conducted at several places including the hospitals listed below and certified general practitioners’ clinics. One may obtain a professional diagnosis by approaching the places below: Memory Clinics One may contact any of the memory clinics in Singapore below. Tan Tock Seng Hospital Geriatric Medicine Clinic [Basement [...] Read More

Care Professional

Starting a Conversation About Diagnosis

If you suspect a person is displaying the signs and symptoms of dementia, you should encourage him or her to get properly diagnosed and treated. However, starting a conversation with someone on this sensitive issue may not be easy. This article will first provide a short guide to how to start a conversation with a [...] Read More

Care Professional

ABCDs of Dementia Progression

All types of dementia are progressive. This means that while symptoms may at first be mild, they deteriorate with time. As dementia progresses, a person with this condition will need increasingly more help and support with daily living. Dementia affects every individual differently. This includes their experience of the symptoms, the rate at which the [...] Read More

Care Professional

A Summary on Tackling Dementia

The worsening of the cognition of a person living with dementia may interfere with their activities of daily living and result in changes to their behaviours and emotions. The person’s personality may appear to have changed and become “very different from their ‘old self’”. The main objectives of managing dementia symptoms are typically to: • [...] Read More

Care Professional

K.I.N.D Gesture & C.A.R.E Approach

Source: Dementia-Friendly Singapore Initiative There are many scenarios where persons living with dementia may face difficulties and require assistance. The K.I.N.D Gesture and C.A.R.E Approach can help us to remember what to do and be more confident when interacting and assisting persons living with dementia, especially in situations where they may appear to be lost. [...] Read More

Care Professional

Applying the K.I.N.D Gesture & C.A.R.E Approach

We may encounter persons living with dementia in different situations depending on our social or work roles. Watch this prize-winning video produced by Vinn Bay and Tee Boon Leng as part of the Alzheimer's Disease International (ADI) conference in March 2009. As you watch, take note of how some members of the public interact with [...] Read More

Care Professional

Communication & Interaction Skills

How Communication Can Be Affected at Different Stages of Dementia As the condition of a person living with dementia progresses, the way in which others communicate and interact with them should also change in order to tailor the interaction to their needs, and to make the most of each conversation or interaction. Early Stage  The [...] Read More

Care Professional

Tools for Dementia Practice & Research

With the rising incidence and prevalence of dementia worldwide that is projected to continue, more efforts have been invested to address the needs of persons living with dementia and individuals around them. One such effort is the development of assessment tools and instruments in the field of dementia care. Some uses of the assessments include: [...] Read More

Care Professional

Person-Centred Care in Dementia

The term “person-centred care”, as a frequently-used term and a developing area,1 does not have a single agreed definition. When loosely defined, it has been used to refer to philosophies of caring that include goals that range from an emphasis on the dignity of the person being cared for, treating this person as an individual, [...] Read More

Care Professional

Person-Centred Care Planning in Dementia

In this topic, the importance of developing a person-centred care plan for persons living with dementia is emphasised. This page also summarises some of the best practices for a person-centred care planning process and the elements that a good care plan entails. Having these in place will assist care professionals to then deliver quality person-centred [...] Read More

Care Professional

Encouraging My Client to Accept Their Condition

It can be difficult to accept a dementia diagnosis, and understanding the reason behind the denial is important to coming up with strategies to help your client. Receiving a dementia diagnosis can be harrowing—it’s normal for the person who has been diagnosed to feel a range of negative emotions, from sadness to frustration, or even [...] Read More

Care Professional

Undernutrition & Weight Loss

Undernutrition and weight loss are prevalent issues worldwide amongst persons living with dementia, often worsening as dementia progresses. 20 to 45% of persons living with dementia living in the community (outside institutions such as nursing homes) experience significant weight loss over a one-year period, while up to 50% of those residing in care homes have [...] Read More

Care Professional

Nutrition & Hydration

As dementia progresses, a person may lose weight and suffer from undernutrition due to reduced appetite, declining cognitive function and behavioural changes. Eating a balanced diet and drinking sufficient fluids are important to maintain physical and mental well-being. Any physical illness can make a difference to a person’s ability to cope. It may also make [...] Read More

Care Professional

Improving Eating Environment & Appetite

How Can You Improve the Eating Environment? While it is essential to pay attention to the nutritional aspects of a meal by providing regular, healthy and balanced meals, another important aspect of meals for persons living with dementia is the eating environment. As eating is a social activity, creating a comfortable dining atmosphere can help [...] Read More

Care Professional

Food Recipes

Food for Thought: Live Well, Eat Well, Think Well Recipe cards were developed in collaboration between the Agency for Integrated Care (AIC) and the dieticians from Khoo Teck Puat Hospital to encourage seniors to adopt a diet that promotes brain health and healthy living. These recipes have been adapted from diets which have been researched [...] Read More

Care Professional

Additional Resources on Food & Diet

Institutions and organisations around the world have developed booklets and guides to support care partners of persons living with dementia, by addressing matters related to eating, diets and nutrition. Here are some of these booklets and guides: 1. The Alzheimer’s Disease International published a report in 2014 titled Nutrition and Dementia , which investigated how [...] Read More

Care Professional

Recreational Activities

What Are Recreational Activities? Recreational activities are activities that people participate in for leisure. These are activities that are meant to engage persons living with dementia and are not specifically intended to meet therapeutic outcomes.1 Recreational activities differ from activities done for the purpose of therapeutic outcomes, such as activities done as therapeutic activities or [...] Read More

Care Professional

Physical Exercises

Physical exercise has positive effects on the wellbeing of persons living with dementia, whether the exercise is done for recreation or as therapy. It can be done as the main focus of an activity, or as part of other activities that involve a heightened level of physical movement, such as gardening or dance. Benefits of [...] Read More

Care Professional

Psychosocial Interventions in Dementia Care

Psychosocial interventions is an umbrella term for a wide range of non-pharmacological interventions, activities, therapies, strategies, etc. that aim to promote the psychological and social well-being of individuals. People may be introduced to psychosocial interventions to cope with the challenges of living with disabilities, mental health conditions, etc., or when they need that support to [...] Read More

Care Professional

Cognitive Stimulation Therapy

Cognitive Stimulation Therapy, or in short, CST is an evidence-based, non-pharmacological intervention (NPT) for persons living with mild to moderate dementia.1,2 It was developed by Dr Aimee Spector, a clinical psychologist, in 1998, by reviewing the common non-pharmacological therapies for dementia, such as reality orientation and reminiscence therapy. The most effective elements of the different [...] Read More

Care Professional

Creative Dance

Dancing can be a form of expression for persons living with dementia too, as they connect and interact with others through dance. Read on to learn about Creative Dance, another potential psychosocial activity to support the well-being of persons living with dementia. To complement the modest benefits of pharmacological treatment on cognitive decline in dementia, [...] Read More

Care Professional

Namaste Care Programme

Nature & Background Namaste Care programme is a structured intervention for persons living with advanced dementia, which incorporates sensory intervention, social contact and environmental modification. It aims to respect the individual person for his or her unique personhood, nurture the individual spirit with meaningful activities using a loving touch approach, within a calm and home-like [...] Read More

Care Professional

Participatory Arts

Participatory arts involve persons living with dementia and caregivers in their development, creation, and evaluation processes. Introduction Persons living with dementia gradually experience a decline in mental processes, including memory, orientation to space and time, and abstract thinking. The decline in cognitive skills may lead to social withdrawal and difficulties in communication. To reduce this [...] Read More

Care Professional

Dementia Progression & Behaviour Changes

The progression of dementia comes along with changes in persons living with dementia: • Abilities in Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) • Behaviours • Cognitive Function • Orientation to People, Places and Time Dementia progression and its corresponding behaviour changes require the appropriate response from caregivers. With the necessary information and resources at hand, you [...] Read More

Care Professional

Sharing Caregiving Responsibilities: Gathering the Family

A family discussion on sharing caregiving responsibilities can be very helpful when someone in the family has been diagnosed with dementia. Some families may think it is taboo to discuss concerns revolving around dementia, but it is important for family members to be clear that the family discussion is about honouring the preferences and wishes [...] Read More

Care Professional

Designing a Daily Routine

Persons living with dementia often feel confused and disoriented, especially when their memories begin to blur and their functions start to deteriorate. They may have difficulties in performing his/ her usual tasks as their condition progresses. Designing a daily routine is a good way to provide them with some structure. Planning activities they enjoy can [...] Read More

Care Professional

Supporting Activities of Daily Living

As the condition of persons living with dementia progresses, their abilities to perform Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) deteriorate as well. ADLs refer to routine activities which most persons have learned to perform from young and usually do on a daily basis without any assistance.1 However, due to dementia, individuals gradually become unable to perform [...] Read More

Care Professional

Helping A Person With Dementia Who Lives Alone

Persons living with dementia, especially in the earlier stages of dementia, may choose to live alone to maintain their independence for as long as possible, or to remain in a familiar neighbourhood. As the dementia progresses to moderate and advanced stages, it is likely that alternate living arrangements have to be made. Here are some [...] Read More

Care Professional

Taking Public Transportation

Public transportation is a common mode of transport for people in Singapore. This does not change even with the onset of dementia. Having an easily accessible transportation system enables persons living with dementia to stay connected to their friends, families, and community. It also provides access to healthcare service locations, such as the hospital. Challenges [...] Read More

Care Professional

Why Do Behavioural Changes Happen?

Dementia is accompanied by behavioural changes, which affect persons living with dementia and individuals around them. Behavioural changes can be one of the aspects of dementia that are most difficult to address. Persons living with dementia who experience behavioural changes are often described as having a “completely different personality” from their “old self”. Different behaviour [...] Read More

Care Professional

Managing Agitation & Aggression

At some point, persons living with dementia may behave aggressively, display an outburst of emotions, or act angrily towards individuals around them. Defining Agitation & Aggression Agitation A set of behaviours that involve a person living with dementia experiencing verbal or motor anxiety.1 Aggression A further level of agitation in which the behaviours can be [...] Read More

Care Professional

Mealtime Behaviours

Persons living with dementia may sometimes refuse to eat. They may become angry, agitated, or challenging to feed during mealtimes. This can happen for a variety of reasons: • Disliking the food • Feeling rushed • Feeling uncomfortable with people or the environment • Feeling frustrated with the difficulties they are having It can be [...] Read More

Care Professional

Managing Sundowning

What Is Sundowning? A person living with dementia may display behaviour changes particularly in the evening which include agitation, aggression, confusion and restlessness. This is known as sundowning and often occurs in the moderate to severe stages of dementia. There is now a Night Respite service available for caregivers of persons living with dementia who [...] Read More

Care Professional

Managing Wandering Behaviour

Many persons living with dementia feel the urge to walk about and in some cases leave their homes. Though it is sometimes termed as “wandering”, it is rarely ever aimless. Persons living with dementia may simply not remember where they had set out to go, or what they had intended to do. It is all [...] Read More

Care Professional

Additional Resources for Other Behaviour Changes

1. Behavioural and psycholoigcal symptoms of dementia: Assessment and management In this journal article by Dr Vanessa Mok (2019), a consultant from Changi General Hospital’s department of psychological medicine, she explains the various causes of behaviour changes associated with dementia, such as: • Neurobiology; • Acute medical conditions; • Unmet needs; • Pre-existing personality; • [...] Read More

Care Professional

Swallowing Difficulties & Soft Diets

Difficulties With Swallowing In the later stages of dementia, a person living with dementia can develop severe difficulties with swallowing. Changes in parts of the brain that control swallowing may affect and weaken the muscles involved, affecting various parts of the eating process. As a result, the person living with dementia may not maintain sufficient [...] Read More

Care Professional

Managing Constipation

Constipation is common in persons living with dementia given their reduced awareness, and especially those who are older persons who may be relatively immobile. Poor food, fibre and fluid intake may also cause constipation. Constipation is a source of discomfort, and can worsen confusion and agitation. It also makes passing urine more difficult and can [...] Read More

Care Professional

Managing Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence is a common problem in dementia. As the disease progresses, a person living with dementia may become less aware of their toileting needs and urinate unconsciously. Deterioration may lead to urinary tract infection, an enlarged prostate gland, drinking too much caffeinated beverages, impaired mobility, and constipation. It may be helpful to: • Take [...] Read More

Care Professional

Treatments for Dementia

Source: ForgetUsNot Initiative by LIEN Foundation, Khoo Teck Puat Hospital, & Dementia Singapore Caring for a person living with dementia involves many things. These include the use of both medications and psychosocial interventions (such as engagement and environmental changes to suit the person). Care plans should integrate both these kinds of treatments when addressing the [...] Read More

Care Professional

How Effective Are Dementia Medications?

Medications, while with modest benefits, may be prescribed to relieve some symptoms and behaviour changes associated with dementia. However, ongoing debates over their effectiveness continue - the benefits and risks of the medications are discussed. Common Medications Prescribed for Dementia Pharmacological management of dementia should be used within a multidisciplinary biopsychosocial approach, where medical issues, [...] Read More

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Tips to Manage Dementia Medications

Medication Management General TipsMissing Medications If a person living with dementia forgets to take their medication, it should be administered as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, the missed dose should be skipped. The dose should not be doubled to make up for the missed dose. Caregivers and [...] Read More

Care Professional

Assistive Devices & Technologies

Smart Devices Available in Singapore Many persons living with dementia feel the urge to walk about and in some cases leave their homes. Though this walking is sometimes termed as “wandering”, it is rarely ever aimless. Persons with dementia may simply not remember where they had set out to go, or what they had intended [...] Read More

Care Professional

Programmes & Services in the Community

A Network of Care and Support In Singapore, persons at risk or living with dementia can be supported by an integrated mental health network that aims to help them live well in the community. This support also extends to their caregivers. The network brings together health, social, and community care providers who serve persons with [...] Read More

Care Professional

Financial Schemes

Caring for a person living with dementia requires careful financial planning, and may sometimes require the family of the person living with dementia to tap on financial resources. There are a number of government financial schemes available. The tables below list down the financial resources in the following 5 areas: • Mobility Assistance • Daily [...] Read More

Care Professional

Lasting Power of Attorney

Source: Ministry of Social & Family Development Watch the video in Chinese or Malay subtitles. What Is the Lasting Power of Attorney? As dementia progresses, persons with this condition will have increasing difficulty with judgment and problem solving. You may notice that they might be less able to make sound financial and healthcare decisions. The [...] Read More

Care Professional

Deputyship

A deputy is appointed by the Court to make decisions on behalf of a person who lacks mental capacity when the person has not made a Lasting Power of Attorney (LPA) and has no donee to decide on their behalf in respect of those decisions. A deputy can be an individual or a licensed trust [...] Read More

Care Professional

Advance Medical Directive

An Advance Medical Directive (AMD) is a legal document signed by a person in advance, informing their doctor that they do not want any extraordinary life-sustaining treatment to be used in the event that they become terminally ill and unconscious. Making an AMD is a voluntary decision. As medical technology advances, there are increasingly many [...] Read More

Care Professional

Advance Care Planning

Source: Agency for Integrated Care Advance Care Planning (ACP) is the process of planning for one’s future health and personal care. Having ACP conversations will allow a person living with dementia to: • Share their personal values and beliefs with the family • Explore how his/her values and beliefs influence their healthcare preferences in difficult [...] Read More

Care Professional

Making a Will

Planning a will is important to carry on the wishes of a person after they pass on. The will should contain clear instructions about what one wants to do with their money and the assets they own. It will also ensure that their legacy and future generations are taken care of accordingly About a Will [...] Read More

Care Professional

Palliative Care

End-of-life care, or palliative care, aims to support a person in the later stages of a life-limiting condition to live as well as possible until they pass on. It also aims to support family and caregivers during this time and after the person passes on. End-of-life care may last for weeks, months, or occasionally years. [...] Read More

Care Professional

The Needs of Informal Caregivers

When working with informal caregivers (family members, friends, or foreign domestic workers) of persons living with dementia, it is important to first understand their needs, worries, and struggles, before working with them to develop and implement an effective care and support plan. A research conducted locally in 2013 explored the experiences and challenges informal caregivers [...] Read More

Care Professional

Managing Negative Emotions

A caregiver’s role is challenging, especially if one needs to balance a job, family and housework on top of caring for his/her loved one living with dementia. Caregivers may think they can or should do everything by themselves, or may want things to be done well with very good outcomes. This is understandable, as the [...] Read More

Care Professional

Dealing With Caregiver Stress

Here are some simple tips for you can share with caregivers regarding stress management: Adjust The Mindset • Reframing the situation may help one manage stress. • Caregivers have to remind themselves that they are doing something important for the person in their care. • Know their limits. • Do not give in when their [...] Read More

Care Professional

Looking After Themselves

Always remember that part of caregivers’ duty to their loved one living with dementia is to take good care of themselves. Most caregivers feel that all their time, energy and care should be given to their loved ones. However, the person living with dementia may suffer too if caregivers do not look after themselves. Here’s [...] Read More

Care Professional

Taking a Breather

It is good to think about caregiving as something akin to running a marathon. Like in a marathon, it will be good for caregivers to themselves, making sure that they do not run too fast and burn out before the race is over. Pace themselves from the start so that they will not be overwhelmed [...] Read More

Care Professional

Managing Grief & Loss

Dealing with loss is a part of life. It is all right for caregivers to feel sad when their loved one passes on. Grief is a reaction to any form of loss. While it is a universal experience, responses to it vary from person to person, depending on a range of factors such as one’s [...] Read More

Care Professional

Anticipatory Grief

Dementia may gradually change the personality of a person. Anticipatory grief occurs when someone questions whether this “stranger” who is living with dementia is the same person he/she knows and loves. The changing personality of the person living with dementia could be difficult to accept, especially if the caregiver has had a special bond with [...] Read More

Care Professional

Inspiring Stories

In this page, you will find a few stories shared by caregivers of persons living with dementia on their caregiving journeys. While a caregiver’s role is tough, providing emotional support and physical care to a person living with dementia can be a satisfying and rewarding journey too. Voices of Persons Living with Dementia – Our [...] Read More

Care Professional

Dementia-Awareness, -Friendliness, & -Inclusiveness

Our Hope for People Impacted by Dementia We believe that a key outcome for persons living with dementia should not stop at dementia awareness or a dementia-friendly society, but the inclusion of persons living with dementia. Dementia-Awareness, Dementia-Friendliness, and Dementia-Inclusiveness A society can take steps towards dementia inclusion by first becoming aware of this condition [...] Read More

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Building a Dementia-Inclusive Singapore

Dementia can be a socially alienating illness. Many who have the condition spend their time cooped up indoors or in a nursing home, no longer able to lead normal lives. This is a shame as many persons living with dementia can continue their daily routines if given a safe and inclusive environment to do so. [...] Read More

Care Professional

Be a Dementia Friend

The Dementia-Friendly Singapore (DFSG) initiative aims to build a more caring and inclusive society for persons living with dementia and their caregivers. These Dementia-Friendly Communities (DFC) are in Yishun, Hong Kah North, Macpherson, Queenstown, Bedok, Fengshan, Bukit Batok East, Woodlands and more. As part of the DFSG initiative, individuals can sign up as a Dementia [...] Read More

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What Is a Dementia-Inclusive Environment?

Why Is a Dementia-Inclusive Environment Important? Researchers have predicted that the number of persons living with dementia around the globe is set to almost triple to more than 150 million by 2050.1 While dementia already presents a set of challenges for persons living with dementia and their families, stigma and discrimination worsen the psychological, social, [...] Read More

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Design Principles & Audit Tools

In recent years, there has been a growing pool of dementia-inclusive design guiding principles developed by subject matter experts, intended for laypersons, caregivers, and care professionals to address and enhance the multiple aspects of the physical environments that persons with dementia live in. A Dementia-Inclusive Design Process To be in line with the delivery of [...] Read More

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Dementia-Friendly Neighbourhoods

This article lists some examples of neighbourhoods in Singapore, where adjustments have been made to address the needs of persons impacted by dementia. These examples feature the adaptation of different aspects of the environment, including the physical and social environments, to aid wayfinding and support the wellbeing of persons living with dementia. In addition, this [...] Read More

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CARA: A Pioneering Membership Programme

CARA Membership Replaces NCSS’ Safe Return Card CARA replaces the existing Safe Return Card (SRC) initiative by the National Council of Social Service (NCSS) used by persons living with dementia. A pioneering membership programme by Dementia Singapore - formerly known as Alzheimer’s Disease Association (ADA) - the CARA membership will have the same safe return [...] Read More
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